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Harvard Reference Book Bibliography Kids


How to Write a Bibliography (Harvard Style)
Books
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • titleof book (italics or underlined),
  • edition (if applicable),
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see examples
 Encyclopedia - Print
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city),
  • volume number,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see examples
 Encyclopedia - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (single quotation marks),
  • title of encyclopedia (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL>.
Click here to see examples
 
Magazine/Journal article - Print
  Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number(s).
Click here to see examples
Magazine/Journal article - Online
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • title of magazine (italics or underlined),
  • volume number (if applicable),
  • issue number (if applicable),
  • page number/s (if applicable).
Click here for example
Newspaper article
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see example
 
Newspaper article - Online 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of publication,
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks),
  • newspaper name (italics),
  • date,
  • page number/s.
Click here to see example
Pamphlet (booklet to 40 pages)
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of pamphlet (italics or underlined)
  • year of publication,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city) .
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Internet
Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author/editor (if identified) (surname, initials)
  • last update (if identified),
  • title of article (italics or underlined),
  • name of sponsor,
  • date it was viewed,
  • <URL.>.
Click here to see example
 
CD Roms
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • 'title of article' (in single quotation marks)
  • year of publication,
  • title of CD Rom (italics or underlined)
  • CD ROM,
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see example
Video and television recording
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • title of video (italics or underlined)
  • date of recording,
  • format
  • publisher,
  • place of publication (place and state, if not a capital city).
Click here to see example
Email
 Order and punctuation of details: 
  • author (surname, initials)
  • year of communication,
  • email,
  • date it was viewed,
  • sender's email address.
Personal communications, including email and letters, are not usually included in a bibliography but are quoted in your assignment. If your teacher asks for inclusion in your bibliography, follow the example.

Click here to see example
 
References:
Referencing using the Harvard author-date system 2003, University of South Australia, viewed 1 March 2008,
<http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/learningconnection/student/learningAdvisors/documents/harvard-referencing.pdf>

MLA: Encyclopedia

How to Cite an Encyclopedia in Print in MLA

Be sure to include the name of author (if given), the name of the article, the name of the reference book, the edition, and the year of publication. If the reference book is well known, do not include the publication information.

Structure:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.

Examples:

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Print

Posner, Rebecca. "Romance Languages." The Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia. 15th ed. 1987. Print.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia Online in MLA

Format:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Examples:

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. Google Books. Web. 2 Jan. 2010.

Hassler, Warren W. "American Civil War." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia on a Database in MLA

Format:

Last, First M. "Article Title" Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. Volume. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web Date Month Year.

Examples:

Holmes, Heather. "Advertising of Food" Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner's, 2003. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.

Bunson, Margaret R. "Historical Overview." Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. 3rd ed. New York: Infobase, 2012. Xii-Xv. Gale Cengage Catalog. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.

Make sure to:

  • Choose if the source was published directly online or originally in print.
  • Find the date that the article was electronically published.
  • For well-known reference works, it is not necessary to include full publication information.

View our visual citation guide on how to cite an Encyclopedia in MLA format.