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Short Essay Questions In Pediatrics

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How Many AAP PREP Questions Should I Do?

PRACTICE VERSUS STUDY – A BIG DIFFERENCE

I love the American Academy of Pediatrics' PREP series of questions for PRACTICING test-taking skills, but NOT as a substitution for studying for the boards form a board-focused study guide.

The difference can be confusing! That is why it's IMPERATIVE that you understand my thoughts on why PREP questions are NOT the best study questions before you read the rest of this article. The gist is that it's almost impossible for any question bank out there to give you a comprehensive, board-focused review of what you need to know for the pediatric boards. Therefore, you should focus on one, primary study resource for the CONTENT, and then use question banks for PRACTICE of board-style questions.

THE REAL VALUE OF AAP PREP QUESTIONS – PRACTICE

Where does the real value lie in PREP questions as they relate to your preparation for the American Board of Pediatrics initial certification exam or MOC exam? Or perhaps a better would aim to address that misperception that you “must” go through PREP questions in order to pass the boards.

While I do feel that they are the BEST pediatric board review questions to simulate the boards, I also believe that ANY pediatric board review question bank will help you PRACTICE your test-taking techniques.

I also believe that you SHOULD use other question banks to practice your skills as a test-taker so that you can gain exposure to a VARIETY of question styles and question-writers. The ABP's questions were not developed by one person. They have been slowly created over decades by MANY questions-writers, including myself.

Dr. Robin Scott, a PBR Alum, summed it up VERY WELL in her message below.

I did not look at PREP at all. I passed the 2013 exam after multiple prior attempts by reading PBR, taking the [Test-Taking Strategies] course and practicing hundreds of questions (from Board Vitals). I used questions just for practice, not for content. I asked Ashish about using other sources outside of PBR; I wanted to study/memorize all of MedStudy pediatrics. He dissuaded me. I was skeptical, but I had nothing to lose so I did what he recommended. That's my story, and I'm here to say it worked!”

PRACTICE

Again, PRACTICE is the absolute best reason to use any board-style prep questions. You must NOT confuse practicing test questions with building knowledge, but since we all have a desire to review the answers (discussed more in detail below), this particular series of questions is probably the BEST pediatric question bank you could use. The AAP's questions have likely been vetted to the nth degree, and you can usually be sure that the correct answer is in fact correct. They also seem to be a good mix of short and long questions.

  • PRACTICE TIMING: Since the questions are often LONG, they are perfect for allowing you to work on your TIMING. Give yourself the same same amount of time you'll give yourself on the exam. About 1 minute and 15 seconds per question. Once you have broken down and “processed the question” to the best of your abilities, if you still can't narrow down your search to a single answer then GUESS, MARK IT, an GO on to the next question!
  • PRACTICE DISCIPLINE: It takes a great deal of discipline to move through questions at a regular pace. The more often you do it, the more likely this will become a habit for you. You must get comfortable with the idea of processing questions in a systematic manner so that you always have an endpoint to the question in front of you. Getting to that realization is CRITICAL in allowing you calmly move on to the next question without frustration and anxiety.
  • PRACTICE AVOIDING TRAPS: You have to be able to look for Click Here And Continue Reading…

Human Development

Exam Essay Questions 

Spring 2008

Comprehensive Question

 

Each of us is who we are as a result of complex interactions between our biological heritage, learning and cognitive skills, socio-emotional environment and emotional skills, and our family and peer environments.  Thinking of someone you know well, apply principles you learned in each area to help me understand how s/he became who s/he is.  Your answer should be as complete as possible given that you will have about 30 minutes to write it.

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive Development Essay Questions

  1. Difference between centration and conservation? Use examples
  2. What are the 4 stages of Piaget’s development?
  3. Explain the differences between critical and scientific thinking and describe situations in which you would use each.
  4. Describe what memory is and how it changes throughout the lifespan.
  5. What is
Sternberg’s view of intelligence? Describe each.
  • How does aging effect crystallized and fluid intelligence?
  • What are IQ tests? What are IQ tests important?  What do the results show?
  • What are
  • What are the 5 rules of language and their meanings?
  • explain the difference between whole language, and phonic, including the benefits and drawbacks of each.  Which would you use to teach your own child and why?
  •  

     

    Second Exam Questions

    1. Is shared sleeping a good idea?  Why and why not?
    2. What are the 4 theories of aging?  Can we slow aging down according to these theories?
    3. How long can you expect to live?  What are you doing "right" that is adding to your longevity?  What are you doing "wrong"?
    4. What is the optimal food for human infants?  Why?
    5. What causes anorexia nervosa?
    6. What is binge drinking?  How much of a problem is it today?

     

    First Exam/Essay Questions

    All 4 questions will be required.

    1.      Describe the information you would find in each part of a typical journal article: abstract, introduction, methods, findings, discussion.

               

    2.       What are reaction range and canalization?   

     

    3.       "The environment" can be an important developmental force.  In Developmental Psychology, what kinds of things do we need to keep in mind when we talk about "the environment"?           

    4.       Why might the same teratogens (cocaine, for example) have more effect on some people than others?      

     

    Fourth Exam

    1. Describe John Gottman's research methods.  What make his research particularly good?
    2. Why is marriage important to society and to individuals?
    3. What are the 7 principles of successful marriages?
    4. Describe each of Baumrind's Parenting Styles.
    5. Why are psychologists more inclined to support discipline and less inclined to support punishment (especially physical punishment)?
    6. Describe at least one contributor to child abuse in each: the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem.
    7. What are the functions of peers in childhood?
    8. What can we do to help bullies and their victims?
    9. How does poverty effect children's development?  

    Comprehensive Question

    What is the most important thing you learned this semester in each of these domains: growth and physical development; health; cognitive development; socioemotional development; moral development; and, the social contexts of development?

    OR

    Discuss the role of genes, parents, peers and culture in 2 of the domains of development (growth and physical development; health; cognitive development; socioemotional development; moral development; and, the social contexts).

    Third Exam Questions

    1. Discuss the issues that surround end of life care and euthanasia.  Under what conditions do you think euthanasia is acceptable?
    2. How do our attitudes toward death tend to change with age?
    3. What are the factors that influence how we grieve a particular loss?
    4. What is emotional regulation? How can we help children develop emotional competence?
    5. What is temperament?  Describe 2 theories of temperament and say which one you think is the most useful.
    6. What is attachment?  What is the developmental sequence for attachment?  
    7. What are the basic patterns of attachment?  What are the factors that influence its development?
    8. How important is having a secure attachment to your mother?  Why?
    9. What is self-esteem?  How do we build appropriate self-esteem?
    10. Buddhists argue that self is an illusion.  Do you agree?  Why or why not?
    11. What are the 4 identity statuses?  Which one are you in?  What are the family and cultural influences that contributed to your identity status?
    12. Describe yourself using the big 5.  Based on Chapter 11, how much and in what ways do you expect to change as you age?
    13. How do nature, culture and individual thoughts and experiences shape our gender identity?
    14. What is sexual orientation?  What are the biological and cultural factors that influence sexual orientation?
    15. How do the theories about moral development and prosocial behavior contribute to our understanding of moral behavior?

     

    Second Exam, Fall 2007

    1. How does Dynamic Systems Theory explain the changes necessary for children to develop motor skills?
    2. What are the basic processes that all people go through as they learn according to Piaget?
    3. What kind of a game might you choose for playing with each of these children and why (using Piaget) Kelley, age 2, Cody, age 4, Justin, age 9, and Caroline, age 15?
    4. How does development progress, according to Vygotsky? Use an example of the zone of proximal development, and scaffolding.
    5. Why do adults generally make better decisions than adolescents?
    6. What is intelligence?  Use at least 2 different theories in your answer.
    7. What should parents consider if their child's school want to give him or her an IQ test?
    8. Describe as many factors that contribute to IQ as you can.
    9. What should we expect as far as intellectual changes go as we age?
    10. Who is the wisest person you know?  According to research, how did they become wise?
    11. How can we increase our creativity? Why bother trying?
    12. What is language? (Be sure to include all of the rule systems in you answer.)
    13. Describe language development using the interactionist perspective. (Include the universal language milestones.)

     

    First Exam, Fall 2007

    1. Give a one sentence summary of Cognitive, Behavioral and Social Cognitive, and Ethological Theories of development and provide an example of each.
    2. Define each of the systems of Ecological systems Theory and an example of each.
    3. Briefly, who were the participants in the article you reviewed? What method did the researchers use to collect data?  What research design did they use?
    4. Define 3 gene-environment correlations, and give an example of each. 
    5. Describe 3 teratogens and their likely effects on the developing child. 
    6. You hear a woman say "I smoked during my pregnancy and my baby is fine!"  Does that mean it's really ok to smoke?  Why is her baby ok?
    7. Is shared sleeping a good idea?  Why and why not?
    8. What are the 4 theories of aging?  Can we slow aging down according to these theories?
    9. How long can you expect to live?  What are you doing "right" that is adding to your longevity?  What are you doing "wrong"?
    10. What is the optimal food for human infants?  Why?
    11. What causes anorexia nervosa?
    12. What is binge drinking?  How much of a problem is it today?

    Old questions:

     

    Second Exam, Fall 2006

    1. How does Dynamic Systems Theory explain the changes necessary for children to develop motor skills?
    2. What are the basic processes that all people go through as they learn according to Piaget?
    3. What kind of a game might you choose for playing with each of these children and why (using Piaget) Kelley, age 2, Cody, age 4, Justin, age 9, and Caroline, age 15?
    4. How does development progress, according to Vygotsky? Use an example of the zone of proximal development, and scaffolding.
    5. Why do adults generally make better decisions than adolescents?
    6. What is intelligence?  Use at least 2 different theories in your answer.
    7. What should parents consider if their child's school want to give him or her an IQ test?
    8. Describe as many factors that contribute to IQ as you can.
    9. What should we expect as far as intellectual changes go as we age?
    10. Who is the wisest person you know?  According to research, how did they become wise?
    11. How can we increase our creativity? Why bother trying?
    12. What is language? (Be sure to include all of the rule systems in you answer.)
    13. Describe language development using the interactionist perspective. (Include the universal language milestones.)

     

    Fourth Exam

    1. Describe John Gottman's research methods.  What make his research particularly good?
    2. Why is marriage important to society and to individuals?
    3. What are the 7 principles of successful marriages?
    4. Why does marital satisfaction tend to decline with the addition of children to the family? (Be sure to include the role of expectations and myths.)
    5. Describe each of Baumrind's Parenting Styles.
    6. Why are psychologists more inclined to support discipline and less inclined to support punishment (especially physical punishment)?
    7. Describe at least one contributor to child abuse in each: the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem and macrosystem.
    8. What are the functions of peer groups in childhood?
    9. What can we do to help bullies and their victims?
    10. How does the role of friendship change as we age?

    Comprehensive Question

    What is the most important thing you learned this semester in each of these domains: growth and physical development; health; cognitive development; socioemotional development; moral development; and, the social contexts of development?

    OR

    Use Ecological Systems Theory to explain growth or change in 2 of the domains (growth and physical development; health; cognitive development; socioemotional development; moral development; and, the social contexts) of development.

     

     

    Third Exam Questions

    1. Discuss the issues that surround end of life care and euthanasia.  Under what conditions do you think euthanasia is acceptable?
    2. How do our attitudes toward death tend to change with age?
    3. What are the factors that influence how we grieve a particular loss?
    4. What is emotional regulation? How can we help children develop emotional competence?
    5. What is temperament?  Why is it important?
    6. What is attachment?  How does it emerge?  What are the basic patterns of attachment?  What are the factors that influence its development?
    7. How important is having a secure attachment to your mother?  Why?
    8. What is self-esteem?  What are the good and bad aspects of having high self-esteem?
    9. What are the 4 identity statuses?  Which one are you in?  What are the family and cultural influences that contributed to your identity status?
    10. Describe yourself using the big 5.  Based on Chapter 11, how much and in what ways do you expect to change as you age?
    11. How do nature, culture and individual thoughts and experiences shape our gender identity?
    12. What is sexual orientation?  What are the biological and cultural factors that influence sexual orientation?
    13. How does sexuality change with age?
    14. How do the theories about moral development and prosocial behavior contribute to our understanding of moral behavior?
    15. Where are you in Fowler's Stages of religious thought?